The European Honey Bee is very widespread and obviously an import. Apparently it is the most common the 7 – 12 species in the world. Like all honey bees, this bee creates colonies or hives with a single fertile female or Queen Bee. It seems a young Queen can lay 2,000 eggs a day but this diminishes with age. (Heard this on the ABC TV this morning!)
According to Wikipedia, the worker bees that go out and collect the pollen to make the honey are all female. In addition, there are a proportion of fertile male bees or drones. Hives or colonies can have tens of thousands of bees resident.
Bees are a hot topic, both here in Australia and overseas. There are stories that numbers are dropping and this would cause havoc in our food production. Bees are critical in pollinating crops and fruit that provide our food. Beekeeping also seems to be growing as a hobby amongst backyarders.
There is a huge amount of information on Wikipedia about these bees. Go and have a look and learn more about them and how they fit into the ecology.